مذاکره در مورد سیاست انرژی در آمریکا

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 Senators Trent Lott and Byron Dorgan called for the formation on a new national energy council Tuesday. The recommendation is part of the report and the establishing US energy strategy. The four reporter is expected to be released in January, it aloud on domestic development in oil and gas production, energy security treats and environmental challenges. This is about forty five minutes.
 
Good morning everybody, I`m Jason Grumet, the president of bipartisan policy center. It`s a real pleasure on behalf of the leaders of BPC`s energy policy initiative to welcome you here today for the release of the initial  recommendations of this effort. Broadly the purpose of the bipartisan policy center is to bring together an incredible diverse group of folks real experts, proud partisans, people with a lot of political engagements and spend couple of years hammering out detail policy recommendations that are actionable and then collect the advocate for those policies. Consisting with this imagination in 2011 we brought together a new energy project cheered by the gentlemen to my right, and it was remarkably interesting group of CEOs and senior officials for energy producing and using enterprises, economists, scientists and environment advocates wide range of folks. We`ve had regular meetings which have been significantly engaging that at least these are not quite conversations but they`ve been very rich in discussions and today`s reason I said is the first effort that we are willing to share with public and it focuses on decision making in the executive branch.
 
Tomorrow is in fact the final negotiation of the group where we`re going to try the nail down the right of policy recommendations that would be released in early next year and so I think I want to be clear that we`re here today to talk about that the recommendations we released in and then have a broader conversation about optimism for the possibility of moving energy legislation in the next congress. I guess I would just close by saying it has been a while since I could say this there is a lot of good news in energy policy.
 
Having had the opportunity to give versions of this speech that`s not usually the way these things end but I think our group has come to believe, after quite bit of analysis, that the incredible gains on energy efficiency and domestic production and reducing energy costs has essentially bought us a bit of important time, When we look at our national security and environmental economic comparatives and we have been focus on the question of 
What should we do in that time? And the recommendation we are for today, I think is the first step hoping to try to answer that question. Now my pleasure to introduce Margo Anderson who is the director of the energy project of the BPC.
 
 
Thank you Jason, Good morning every one, Good morning co-chairs. I first want to give u a little background to embellish a bit on what Jason has just told you. We launch the project in 2011 because we thought that while the US is experiencing this terrific boom in oil and natural gas production, we may have good progress on energy, great progress on energy efficiency. We`re still facing an array of energy challenges that have got be addressed in new year`s ahead. Our energy intuitive again led by our four court co-chairs and highly diverse energy board is developing options to address his challenges, challenges that must be confronted during a time of unsustainable national debt and in a divided congress. This would create difficult policy choices, no doubt, and these choices are unlikely to be the resolved without national leadership which is the topic of today`s release and recommendations. So if Jason mentioned that we`re going to release the four recommendations in January but today is early release focusing on improving energy policy development, implementation and accountability in the executive branch.
 
We think that now is the time to release this recommendation just as the president has starting the second term and filling out his cabinet and his policy agenda and so having this recommendation would be a good value instead of waiting till January to release them with the rest of four report. Specifically, the first recommendation focuses on creating new national energy strategy council, charged with both developing and national energy strategy and providing coordination on all executive branch energy matters. The second recommendation requires a cardinal energy review that implements the strategy.
 
Together these recommendations which combine white house and cabinet Lavo leadership, agency expertise and Stave can help create a more inclusive, balanced and adoring path to meet our long term energy needs. So our chairs are going to discuss the rational and the details behind these recommendations, we have gentlemen Jones and Bill Riley, we will speak about their executive branch experience and why this recommendation are warranted, well then have senator Slot and Dorgan speak about crafting energy policy from the legislative prospective. All these recommendation can help that body as well. Then we will have some time for Q and A, so we thank you for coming and gentleman Jones the floor is yours.
 
 
Thank you Margo and Good morning everyone, I`d like to thank you and thank my fellow co-chairs and the bipartisan policy center`s outstanding team for their work they`ve done over the last couple of years on what is our arguably, I think one of the greatest potentials that this country can achieve and realize in the next few years not has to do with our energy future. So in my view this is an important day, few objectives are instrumental to America`s future as energy security.
 
Energy is the lifeblood of thriving of economy and society and our future energy provides the opportunity to significantly assist us in exiling our economic difficulties with jobs and new opportunities are in abundance. We need reliable, we need to be affordable and environmentally responsible in terms of our supplies and we can hope to keep America processes strong and the world moving forward, now in the year to come without it. I said it`s an important day because I believe we find ourselves in a unique point in our history and we find ourselves the confluence of urgency and opportunity and we should make no mistake about that energy security is urgent it`s made by growing world`s electric power by fundamental resource limitations and environmental impacts by its centrality to our global competitive market to be on a broad by pioneering the cheaper, clearer, more efficient energy supplies and solution the world not only craves but desperately needs.
 
If you examine the national intelligence council`s global trends of 2025 report, you will find the word energy is one of the most repeated factor driving global security of the next ten to fifteen years, after long lead times are required for change of energy sector, this means that the achieving well conceive a long term objectives, depends on visionary action. Defining feature of the 24 century is about being pro-active not re-active and about preventing crises and not responding to this demand from sense of urgency and collegiality among the global community where energy is concerned. For the US, for the United States it`s another critical challenge to our leadership responsibilities the world over. The Governer has proposals that we advocate our essential if only to establish the organization that can actually produce strategic future harnessing sum total of our energy spectrum and today we have within of our grasp great opportunity, America is blessed within Obama`s resources energy know how and the world`s greatest innovators If the energy sector can be a plentiful source of jobs higher pay rules and great revenue for the tragedy that all in three years desperate we need.
 
Matching urgency with opportunity will require United States to be far more strategic in our thinking and our policy making in order to make long term energy security and national goal. With all of the seriousness and purpose of implies one that can only be answer by whole government coordination in the highest level of public private sector corporation. We need this type of approach to our national energy security. Over the past forty years we`ve had lost a lot energy policy but with no mistake policy doesn`t make strategy. As Margo pointed out we`ve had a number of national energy plants but nothing produced or implemented with the seriousness or consistency of our national security game planning or supported by a coherent architecture that fosters the level of 21st century coordination needed to solve 21st century challenges.
 
Our recommendations seek to bring the same level of our organization, coordination record to our national energy policy making an implementation. This is a national security issue, it has a cause for a re-organization and a new approach to best the responsibilities for the energy policy at large in to the department of energy specifically to the secretory of energy himself. In January our president will begin a new term and we`ll all swear in a new congress and there is no better time for a nation to rally to the future defining cause of energy security cause will be largely the level of our prosperity and our national security in the years to come, thank you.
 
 
Thank you Margo, the bipartisan policy center is constructed on the quaint proposition that the most successful public policies in American life have been result of bipartisan cooperation. This enterprise is one of those examples of the project that does down. If you look at the composition of our group, we`re very diverse group politically, in terms of profession, in terms of background, in terms of experience and we come together now to present the first of the reports that the project will have agreed upon. Our promise really is that our energy discoveries of recent years have created today transform change in the US economy with implication for industrial revitalization national security, bonds of trade and economic development.
 
It is an important moment and we need to make the most of it. A nation is a position to enter a new era of relative energy abundance and that gives us many options we haven`t previously had. I looked back at my own experience and I remember when the environment assume salience in the early 1970`s, president put together a council environment quality a new instrument which was created for national and environmental policy act and gave it the authority to coordinate administration`s approach to the environment . Everybody want to play on the environment in those days, it was the environment rally and he gave the authority to produce a report which was actually required by the national environmental policy act and an annual report on the quality the nation`s environment, the state of the nation`s environment, and also to put together the administration`s legislated program for the environment.
 
This gave a small little three agency with the staff of about fifty an extraordinary authority and intellectual task at a very important time. We would very much like to see the same thing happen now with respect to energy which has the same significant and importance and on which I think also everybody wants to play. We noticed there is in your material a list of I think thirty two committees of congress that are involve with this, something like twenty agencies of the federal government have significant roles in energy policy, it`s time to put something together. I look back at my own period at EPA when we came up with the idea of recognizing energy efficiency as a way to encourage consumers to purchase equipment. we started with computers that were much more efficient than they had been basically by introducing the sleep function into computers and we started out we called energy star computers and gradually spread to the other appliances.
 
I recall the degree of anxiety this cause the energy department, we said this is really our business, we said well this is pollution reduction effort that has obviously it was a very fast growing area of energy use, electricity use computers and pretty soon, within a couple of years the two agency got together and now together do a labling that decrease on energy star and implied to refrigerators and all sorts of other equipment as well. That`s the kind of thing that I think we would like to encourage in among the federal agencies but more than anything else give to this issue the priority, the high placement and the significance that it calls for and give it some unity of approach and producing this quadrennial review and an annual report as well, I think we will have learned from a very important experience in the environment and I think we will do the country and our energy economy a great deal of good by promoting efficiency and more than that promoting a much closer focus on strategy. Thank you
 
 
Good morning, thank you all for being here and let me thank the bipartisan policy center for initiating this energy project which is most interesting experience that I have had, the diversity of the 18 member board which includes people from the industry, utilities, oil and gas, railroad, academic, labor, environmental, It`s quite a group and I think we are going to have a product that will be useful to the administration and to the congress next year.
 
But what we are doing today is rolling out the governing section which has been greatly encourage and shaped by General Jones who has unique experience in serving, you know, in Pentagon and in the military and as the national security to the president. He made a an early point that I was familiar with based on my experiences in 35 years in congress that we all have these different agencies and department and people all over the government as well as in the congress that had parts of the energy package but it never had a way to be brought together to take a look at what should be our energy policy and came up with this idea of the council which we are recommending here where you put all of the different department chaired by the department of energy secretary, agencies that will reach out to all the different interested parties to make sure their views are taking into the consideration and then to do this quadrennial energy review somewhat similar to what they have done at the Pentagon. It`s very different from what they do at the Pentagon.
 
But it’s a technique that I have observed that worked and been helpful for the department of the defense of the years. I think it will be really helpful to pull together all of this parties to talk about a strategy a broader review and then through the quadrennial report get into the details. In the congress, of course, we have all these different committees that claimed some part of the jurisdiction. I had a simple solution when I was leader, just called Pete the senator here this morning and said Pete we need some energy legislation and leadership, good luck and every now and then I would into his territory and he would teach me a lesson about how far I could get into the energy policy because he would come to me and say we have got to do this differently. But one of the questions that I know people will ask- why are you doing it now? Well the Obama administration will have the opportunity to look at the these proposals in November and December and hopefully decide to take advantage of them and use them in the next year. But also I`m hopeful and will recommend in our report that this is not just be an administrative action. Congress should implement this too.
 
Congress needs to get into it and then beyond that we will have the broader recommendation with regard to other issues of security, jobs, efficiencies, innovation. This is such an important part of our economy in America. It`s what drives our economy, if we don`t do it in the right way, we will make mistakes. I have found over the years also legislatives. When you legislate in an atmosphere of crisis, where you have a mess on your hands, you quite often do not do it very well, you have to come back re do it. Yes we are experiencing some good times in energy diversity now. And it seems to me an opportunity and a fantastic time of challenge for us to develop an overall national energy policy to pull things together and plan for the future and not wait for another crisis because another crisis will come. When you look at the critical impact of energy throughout the world, what`s happening to us and how are all interrelated, it`s obvious that we need to take this leadership now.
 
Another thing, I`m looking for ways where in the past we have had bipartisan cooperation and I believe energy has been one of those. We passed energy legislation 2005 and 2007 and 1980`s and 1990`s. it was always well, sometimes difficult with the various viewpoints and different sectors of this area, you know. We were able to come together and move I think good legislation, I think we can do it again. This congress needs some areas where can come up with some bipartisan result. Some people would say, well how do you make that happen? It is called leadership.
 
The administration needs to step up.That has energy plan, we need for this president to have specific recommendations and we need the leaders of congress to tell the chairman and other members we`re going to move energy legislation, get ready and we need to do it next year, 2013 is the year where this can be done and it could be a hugely positive achievement for the congress, policy, economy and good for the American people so I think that when you look for a vision of 113 congress and a new administration or the continuation of the administration, this is a great opportunity and we believe that our report on governance as well as the one that we will have the first of the year will contribute in a positive way to some improvements. Thank you.
 
 
Well thank you very much, I`m really pleased to work with some distinguished people here on the panel and very proud of the work of the bipartisan policy center. I think other would ask a question why now? Why are we doing this now? We are comforted and surrounded and living in a comfort of really good energy news, so what`s the problem? Why now? Nobody in this room ten years ago would have predicted where we are today, no one. And this room is full of energy experts. This is the impact of highly improbable, we`re full with the good news that`s fine but the history of energy is the history of ups and downs and uncertainties and so on but what we believe, despite the good news or because of the good news, this is exactly the time when we are not in the crisis to be thinking out future what kinds of energy security or national security do we need and how do we plan for it and how we make it happen? I come from the Northern Great Plains where we were listening to the words of Garrison Keillor, he said that “ We were raised by people who thought us that life is an enormous struggle.
 
And If at some point you`re very, very happy, be patient, it will pass.” Probably an apt description for energy we should be very happy about something that are happening in energy, both in production and efficiency but it will pass. What next? What do we do to protect our future? This is an interesting time in our planet, we have 200000 new people born every day added to our population. About a billion new people coming into the consumer age where they want automobiles to drive, washing machine and refrigerator to operate and all of that need energy and there is increasing competition for energy on the planet. We still import nearly 45% of the oil that we use in this country and it`s important, it seems to me that`s what this project is about that we work on this issue of the reliability of energy supply, diversity of energy supply, greater efficiency in the use of energy, and especially how we continue to innovate in these areas.
 
These are the core issues for all of us and it is what this project is about. I want to mention to you that I worked on some energy bills 2005, 2007, the one that bothers me the most was the one that passed the energy committee on a bipartisan vote in 2009 which had a great deal of good policy in it for a country but it never got to the floor of senate. But you have asked on this age of good luck about perhaps how does this happen that you write on the energy bill? I will tell you how it happens. One morning, Pete Diamond came to my office, he was chairman of energy committee and he said “I want to write an energy bill and want your help, you`re senior member of the committee, I want you to help and I want to know what do you think should be in the bill what you feel must be in it from your standpoint?” and the reason he felt he was able to that is energy was never about partisan policies.
 
It was about regions, what is your regional interest and how do you come together with various regional to put a bill together. It`s the way that Pete started that bill, I think that was at 2007 bill and or 2005 and he gathered that together and we wrote a bill, it was a republic and democratic bill and was not a part of good luck anywhere we`ve just advancing the interest of country. We can do that again, that is not impossible. We have kind of got into a bad habit with good luck and everything but energy policy should not be a function of good luck at all. It ought to be trying to evaluate what are the various regionals in the country and how we know them together in to a national strategy and what we`re going to do is release this in to two parts, this is the first today and General Jones, Bill Riley who have contributed in the executive branch, contributed to a great deal, this is about structure, it`s about how do you in a government that has 20 sum agencies about, 20 agencies have the piece of energy policy, how do you sense of that? How do you deal with stovepipes that exist.
 
This is like an orchestra without the conductor, that doesn`t make any sense and so what we`ve put together is a proposal called The national energy council and that will address the issue of leader ship and structure and then the quadrennial energy review which will address the question of how is it being implemented? These are really important issues, this is the first part that we`re going to do, the second part will be released in January which deals with a range of very specific energy policy areas you can all guess that and all of them are very, very important. Let me finally say that this has been a really interesting project. Many of us have served for many, many years. This project is very unique. Stakeholders sitting around of this table have very different views, attempting to reconcile those views in a larger sense of what is the priority for the country? I think is a very exciting and exhilarating to be a part of and I thank all of those who has participated.
 
I believe we have some time for questions, thank you gentlemen. I`m going to stand see the audience a little bit better. So open for questions, you will come to one of microphones on either side, name, affiliation, we would like to start with The Media first. Let us know who your question is directed to? No questions? Sir?
 
 
Hi, I`m Edward. What you are calling for, how would that be different than what happened in 2001? And how can you have set policy without people demanding closed door talks? Thanks
I would only say that the concept that we have, it includes cabinet officers and is intended to be open to stakeholders throughout the government and also to consult pretty widely with non-governmental organizations and corporations, even Indian tribes. The effort really is directed to be inclusive. If it were not inclusive, it would not be very compelling and attractive to congress who we hope will concretize this in a statutory forms. It has to be an open arms kind of enterprise that really does take advantage of the tremendous capabilities, richness and experience of not just the federal agencies but of colture.
 
If I could just piggyback on that by saying one of the first things that we did in the Obama administration was combine the homeland security council, national security council which created an atmosphere of oneness in terms of security threats that face the country. We borrowed from the concept of national security strategy and the quadrennial defense reviews and instruments and organization that have really worked well to protect the country and we changed it somewhat to apply it to the field of energy where the very desperate arrangements that we have with so many departments having major jurisdiction on pieces of the energy portfolio do not ever seem to be able to come together around one table to produce an energy policy strategy. The report, essentially without adding anything, it does not cost any money to rearrange the deck chairs in such a way that you can produce a strategic document and have an instrument to evaluate how you`re doing along those ways.
 
It`s basically kind of a copy of what the defense department or the national security council do to make sure strategically we not only have the organization but the processes that verify how you are doing as you go down the path.it calls for the secretory of energy to not be simply the secretory of nuclear energy but the secretary of energy at large. It does not take anything from anyone. It means when the president wants to talk about strategy, that he has got a mechanism and a single point of contact that is responsible for the orchestration and the development of producing such a document. This is. We think, reasonable and good and will be good for the country and will be good for Americans to know that we do have a strategy and it`s articulated and you can read it in documents and it is also good for American`s leadership role the globe as energy becomes more and more a very significant part of the problems that face of growing population as senator Dorgan pointed out, thank you.
 
Just a couple of points that this was patterned after the concept of what we have at the Pentagon. It is different, it is not command or control but only it face is pretty amazing to think that all these different departments and agencies and players do not come together in some coordinated way to sit down and talk about what`s the policy and what we need to do in energy than the agriculture has a piece of this, energy department, EPA and a lot of others that I think you mentioned 20 different agencies and departments. So it`s just a way to bring them together, develop a plan and then do these reviews which will get into it more in depth. I think it will be helpful for congress how also needs to deal with the over rapping and duplicating injures that they experience also.
 
I`m Brian, how do you plan to address the fact that electric are controlled by state agencies and the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the national group?
The only thing that I would say on that is the number of people who are actually in the position of regulating electricity at state level is small, it`s a community that is coherent community which it`s institution can be engaged has a large interest. I think in getting some reasonably agreed upon policy is for the kinds of thing that really face the regulators of electric energy in this state which increasing they are going to involve a very significant new needed investment in transmission to move the gas around that we`re discovering we have in such abundance. It just one example of area of collaboration that needs to be encouraged now, I would believe that they council which reached out to the regulators recognizing that there is a large federal involvement as well and how that is done and the kind of division responsibilities in authorities that have agreed upon would be in a self-interested of the regulators at state level.
 
Let me try to respond to part of that. With respect to pipelines and natural gas pipelines in the resent period, we had bought 11 thousand miles of pipeline built in this country and during the same period we had bought 6 hundred 60 miles of high voltage transmission lines built so the reason for that is pretty obvious. Let me answer from the stand point of being able to have more diversity and the development of wind and solar for example and producing the energy where the sunshine as a windblown and moving to the load center. It`s very hard to build high-voltage interstate transmission in this country, I just demonstrate by the numbers. But the issue of planning, pricing, and sitting are issues that are very controversial, you have many juristic that can do and say no and so one of the reasons that I remand losing that 2009 build the passed on bipartisan vote, at a committee level, in the energy community and senate and then died an unnatural death.
 
We had a transmission title in that bill that gave as I recall forks and backstop authority for siting but had a careful plan for would nonetheless allow in continue to keep the state local people involve in the plan. So if you go down the line planning and siting and can`t reach agreement, there is backstops authority to get it done. We do need to be concerned about the issue of building transmission. Building high voltage transmission and that’s the only way we are going to, with respect to this issue`s diversity, the only way we`re going to maximize the capability of producing more diverse kinds of energy and maximizing the production of renewable energy which means building transmission and it means public policy that helps accomplish that is friendly to them.
 
We haven`t completed our work in this area, that will be in the part that we rule out in January, We are going to be meeting almost all day tomorrow with 80 member of board to discuss this particular area and try to come to an agreement because we do have different points of view in some of this areas but so far we have been able to work those out in a very positive way.
 
I`m Steven from department of NG, giving that energy policy is a defect or climb policy and that climbed policy has become an area where we have not seen much bipartisan coordination, what do you see as the potential for bipartisan work that could address the national security, economic security and environmental security aspects of climate change from bipartisan perspective?
 
What I have always said on that is what get into a big debate or disagreement over climate change and what is causing it and the impact? What I think you should be doing is looking at things you can do that would be positive for the economy and for the environment. Look for solutions rather than arguing over political points of view. That has been the attitude of this entire board to try to find ways we can do a better job of controlling and limiting what we put into the environment. I think that is going to be the attitude that we showed in our report.
 
I just would to add a part of good news that need attention is the tremendous achievement in energy productivity the country has made in 30 or 40 years since the 1970`s. Despite the couple of hundred percent increasing in GDP, We have achieved vast reductions in business as usual energy use over that time, due to efficiency and do partly to things like the energy star which I mentioned and encouragements in the statutes to promote efficiency. That is really a surrogate for a lot of things that many of us would like to see happen with respect to climate policy, energy efficiency gets you in the same direction, as the senator said that is something on which congress has demonstrated as recently as the last five or six years that it can come together.
 
I think it can do it again and perhaps in somewhat more aggressive way and take advantage of the efficiency opportunities which we now know we have. Some states have already experimented with by the way some of the regulators of electricity in places like California and New York have figuring out how to make it attractive to their energy providers, electricity providers to promote more efficiency through the advantage of the consumer by reducing rates. So I think there are many things we will be able to agree on that will advance the cause of de- carbonizing the economy.
 
The diversity of fuel sources and uses as well as efficiency trouble parallel to the interests of good environmental policy in my judgment.
 
Well I`m just going to add to in 2007, congress agrees on standards and the administration has continued to work to move those numbers up even more. So there is a classic example where we actually did something that had real impact.
 
I`m Margo with AOL energy I wondered the recommendations you are making, I understand you`re trying to bring together these agencies across the executive branch, but as it due to these legislative branch is very much a partner in this. How do your recommendations during the congressional leadership in and coordinate them as well as with the executive branch leadership?
 
We will recommend that this be institutionalized or created also legislatively. But I think that congress will benefit from what our council would discuss and come up with. I think congress would benefit from what a quadrennial, I guarantee it to you, in our service the member of a congress, particularly a senate when I was in the member of arm services committee we looked at quadrennial report, we will know what the result will be going to forward so it makes all kind of sense that we do it in the energy field and that information will be available to congress as we`re trying to develop legislation, hopefully next year.
 
The Strategic question the congress would have a more central place to go to talk about the bigger issues of pertaining to energy and they will retain their oversight rights of other departments. At least there will be much more cohesion than the articulation of a strategic energy policy than we have today.
 
I would only add specifically in the recommendations there is constitution with congress, I think you`ll see in the report that we have nine fastest effort make good energy policy and one of them is to make sure your thinking of implementable actions. And so that brings in this consultation idea that it is not just one branch of the government putting something out, it`s consulting with those that have to do the implementation and the legislating.
 
I`m Zak with The Hel, you know, leading up to the election, pretty much every media outlet came up with their short list of who would be in the cabinet for Mitt Romney and for President Obama and in the second term. So When you talk about setting this council, how did you guard against some sort of volatility in the national energy policy from a change in administration? How do you in sure that you get the proper signals to the business community that the policies are put in places by one administration who be carried over their success?
 
I would say that one person who has to take the recommendation seriously and consider it is the president and my sense is that certainly in the experiences I had issues to which the president gave priority in significance and this would be a very significant move by the administration, is taken seriously by everybody in the government and that is a tremendous incentive to coordination.
 
There will always be some volatility with a new administration or even a second term of an administration where there will be some changes in the cabinet people that have been there four years, but also this is not something that would be done instantaneously, the quadrennial report I don`t think would be done after a proposal until the end of the first quarter giving time for changes in cabinet positions or agency heads and then get the review completely that would be available to the administration and the congress. I don`t think that would be that big a problem although you had a pull of administration obviously you will have a whole new group of cabinet sectors but usually the cabinet is filled by, I believe, usually in February at least. So they would have the time to pull the council together.
 
Let me just mention that I think with different administrations, there are different areas of emphasis but as I indicated in congress where historically energy has been bipartisan the development of energy policy, I think it`s also the case conservative republican presidents or progressive democratic presidents generally speaking are still working with a relatively small range of what is needed in the country, what is needed in the energy policy and then might tend to emphasize one area or another. I don`t worry that the structure issues here in place for multiple administrations, I don`t worry that the structure would be irrelevant to any one of different kind of administrations, I think the structure approach. And also the development of metrics which is very important and we haven’t talked about that. When we talk about a quadrennial review, we are talking about the development of metrics so you can evaluate, where are you? What have you accomplished and how you have moved relative to the strategic development? That is a very important element of these recommendations.
 
It`s just like I didn`t realize that progress that had made through the energy efficiency and what an impact has had in reducing, you know, our energy demands and usage. I found it out as a part of this energy project.
 
I wanted to follow up on the question earlier about climate change but to put it forward, I mean if you`re talking about developing a national energy strategy, to what degree should moving away from fossil fuels such as oil and coal, to what degree should that be a priority of this new strategy that you`re talking about?
 
I don`t think want to anticipate the kind of things we are going to propose in January and some of what we have not agreed to. Just that we believe in a full portfolio of energy sources. We`re recognizing that all have to play a role in the future. We will have recommendations with respect to fossil fuels and to renewables and the kinds of portfolios they need to have linked the way of constructing subsidies or incentives. All of that will be in our materials anticipated early in the New Year. But the fundamental principle we have always had is the country has to have a complete portfolio of sources if we`re having a successful energy policy, one that works for the economy as well as the environment going forward.
 
We will have a discussion in our report how we go forward in the nuclear area also.
 
Have you got a strategy now for approaching the congressional leadership and bipartisan to your recommendations to make them recognize that it is a higher priority?
Actually we`re going to be working on that and we`re committed to not only talking about what we are recommending but taking it to the administration. We obviously have members of the board that have access to the administration. I have always discussed this with a number of members. Those that are going to be players in this area. So when we get the final project, we are going to take it to congress and the administrations for their review and evaluation as they move forward for an energy bill.
 
We will not have worked on this nearly two years to allow together much destiny, we`re very interested in an aggressive strategy that will reach out to the administration and to congress to say here is an attempt that shows you can put a bipartisan group together with different interests around the table to reach an agreement on very important policy for the country.
We ought to engage different think tanks as well as the chamber of commerce and other organizations to read what we produce to join in us in supporting what is obviously something that is in the national interest.
 
Other questions? We have exhausted your questions alright. With that, I want to thank the co-chairs for being with us today. Happy holidays to all and we hope to see you in January. Thank you
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
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صاعی  | ۱۳۹۲ شنبه ۲۲ تير
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با سلام.خسته نباشید.ممنون به خاطر فایل عالی که در سایت قرار دادید.موفق باشید.
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